A citizen of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) made history as the first Arab to reach the International Space Station (ISS) on an important mission lasting more than a week.
International space station “crowded”
According to Sputnik, on September 26, the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft, carrying the UAE astronaut Hazzaa al-Mansoori, along with Russian astronaut Oleg Skripochka and Jessica Meir of the US Aerospace Agency (NASA) ), successfully paired this group of 3 astronauts to move to ISS.
The three “walked into the orbital lab and joined 6 other colleagues in the station for a happy welcome ceremony,” NASA stated on Twitter. This move marks the time when the space station has nine astronauts – the largest number since 2015, including: Alexey Ovchinin and Alexander Skvortsov (Russia), Christina Koch, Nick Hague and Andrew Morgan (USA). ), and Luca Parmitano of the European Space Agency (ESA).
A published video showed that newcomers passed through a hatch to enter the station and were greeted by colleagues. The first Arab to ISS, Mr. Mansoori, 35, received support from around the world in what he described as his “dream mission”. Mansoori astronaut is expected to stay on the ISS for 8 days to conduct three-part tests: scientific testing with international partners, simple science testing proposed by students and educational initiatives joint education with ESA and the Japan Space Exploration Agency.
In Dubai, a crowd gathered at the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center to keep track of this historic moment. They cheered and called Mansoori a national hero.
Writing on Twitter before he was at the Baikonur space center, the former pilot of the UAE armed forces said he was “feeling indescribable and terribly indescribable”. “Today I bring my country’s dreams and ambitions to a whole new field. May Allah grant me success in this mission, ”he said.
Astronaut Mansoori plans to conduct experiments and says he will bring Dubai food to share with other members. After the mission, the astronaut Mansoori will return to Earth with NASA colleagues Nick Hague and Alexey Ovchinin on October 3. Meanwhile, astronauts Skripochka and Meir will stay in the ISS until the spring of 2020.
The ambition of the UAE
Astronaut Mansoori, 35, was one of the first two astronauts to take part in the UAE’s ISS mission, along with Sultan al-Neyadi, 38. The two astronauts are among more than 4,000 UAE nationals enrolled in the program to send astronauts to space. The selection took place very harsh through 6 rounds.
As part of its space plan, the UAE also announced its goal of becoming the first Arab nation to send unmanned probes to Mars orbit by 2021, dubbed “Hope”.
In the long run, the UAE says it plans to build a “science city” to recreate life on Mars and create the first human settlement on the “red planet” by 2117. But However, he was not the first Muslim to go to outer space. The first Arab to go out into space was Saudi Arabia’s King bin Salman Al-Saud, who flew on an American space shuttle in 1985. Two years later, a Syrian Air Force pilot Muhammed Faris was in space one. for weeks on the Soviet space station Mir.
The International Space Station is a rare example of cooperation between Russia and the West. Moscow is determined to keep its position as the leader of the space industry, especially manned space flights.
Eating mushrooms can prevent cancer but not eat meat or fish
According to experts, mushrooms are commonly used in daily meals with many health benefits such as cancer prevention, anti-aging, etc.
Eating mushrooms can prevent cancer and diabetes
As a follower of vegetarian dishes, almost always in the fridge, Ms. Nguyen Thi Ngoc Tuyen (37 years old, living in District 8, Ho Chi Minh City) also reserves mushrooms: from straw mushrooms, cat mushrooms, mushrooms Needles … for easy processing. “Usually I go to the supermarket twice a week, buy food to reserve because the couple are busy. Mushrooms are easy to preserve, easy to prepare, and nutritious, consistent with the family’s eating preferences, ”Tuyen said.
Also regularly using mushrooms during meals, Ms. Le Nguyen Uyen Phuong (32 years old, living in Binh Tan district) said her daughter prefers to eat mushroom dishes rather than regular meat, fish and eggs. “Braised meat, braised baby fish is very picky, but just a meal with mushrooms, they eat very hungry rice. I often buy mushrooms to cook soup, stir fry or stock, with fish meat to cook for my children, ”Phuong said.
Mushrooms are a nutritious food if used as a vegetable rich in protein, and provide a lot of fiber, vitamins and micronutrients. Using mushrooms also helps adults and children to increase resistance to disease.
“Many edible fungi stimulate the body to produce interferon, thereby inhibiting the growth and circulation of the virus. The polysaccharides in mushrooms have the ability to activate cellular immunity, promote the growth and development of lymphocytes, activate T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes. Ganoderma, fungal, and monkey head mushrooms Black fungus also works to improve the activity of macrophages. Enoki mushrooms also contain a lot of potassium, which helps the striated muscles as well as the heart muscle be healthy and less tired, “said Hau.
In terms of nutrients, in 100g of fresh mushrooms contain about 85-90g of water, 3-6g of protid, 3-4g glucid, very little fat (except mushrooms with about 3g lipid), 1-3g of fiber. The energy supplied from mushrooms is not high, about 30 kcal / 100g regular mushrooms and 50 kcal / 100g mushrooms contain fat like straw mushrooms (ie only 1 / 8-1 / 10 energy from 100g rice).
Mushrooms contain many minerals that work to increase metabolism and increase resistance to the body. These are also ingredients that help prevent some diseases such as cancer, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, reduced resistance … Because the energy and fat in mushrooms are not high, if any, they are also acids. unsaturated fatty acids, and mushrooms contain a lot of fiber, so mushrooms do not increase weight and do not increase blood fat.
Do not use mushrooms instead of meat, fish, eggs, …
For children, the need for energy and fat is much higher than for adults. Young children, especially children under 2 years of age, must be provided with adequate fat in the diet to complete the structure of the brain and nerves. In particular, cholesterol is also very important because it helps create membranes of cells, hormones, bile salts and functions to transport blood fats to the body’s tissues.
“People do not restrict fat, including cholesterol, in children under 2 years of age, except in special circumstances and with a doctor’s order. Young children need 80 kcal-100 kcal per weight per day while adults only need about 30 kcal -40 kcal / kg of body weight per day. This is due to the cumulative need for a child’s development. Mushroom energy and fat make a negligible contribution to a child’s diet.
If we use mushrooms to provide protein instead of meat, fish, eggs, milk … the amount of protein in mushrooms can not meet the needs and the composition of amino acids is also unbalanced, especially for child statues. Compared to some other high-protein vegetables, the amount of protein in mushrooms is not higher, ”Hau said.
According to this expert, for children 1-3 years old, the minimum protein requirement is about 28g-36g / day, of which 500ml of milk provides about 15g, 100g of rice about 8g, and 10-15g from fish meat (about 100g). meat / day). If using mushrooms to replace fish meat, children 1-3 years old need to eat about 300g-500g mushrooms / day.
“However, in addition to the huge amount of mushrooms, the composition of fungal and vegetable proteins in general has a lower biological value than animal protein. Plant proteins are often poorly digested and often lack lysine (cereal) or sulfur-containing amino acids (vegetables). These are amino acids that the body cannot synthesize, which must be obtained from external food sources. It is recommended to use animal protein for children due to its high digestibility (90% -95%) and sufficient essential amino acids.
Therefore, vegetable protein in general and mushroom protein in particular should not be used for animal protein in children. For adults, the demand for protein is not high, if cleverly combining grains and beans, mushrooms … to limit the deficiency of essential amino acids, vegetable protein can partially replace protein. animals and also help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, blood pressure, cancer … when using too much meat, “Head of Nutrition at Children’s Hospital 2 said.
Recommending the use of mushrooms in meals, Dr. Hau stressed that when using mushrooms to make food, it is important to note that the edible and poisonous mushrooms must be clearly distinguished. “Absolutely do not use strange and colorful mushrooms because they contain many toxins that can be dangerous to life. Mushrooms are also very prone to rot, so use them as fresh as possible. When preserving mushrooms must be gentle, properly and adhere to the recommendations, “the expert said.